These plants are 30 to 100cm high by 30 to 45cm wide. They have alternate leaves, mostly basal, about 10 to 18cm long. They are covered by thick hair, with branched and robust stems. Rudbeckia are composite flowers -similar to daisies- that appear in late summer and early autumn. They can be up to 10cm in diameter. The petals are of a yellow lightning bolt colour with a brown or black circular dome.
Native to central United States, the Rudbeckia has spread to the gardens of the world.
Rudbeckia Hirta seeds require a cold period prior to germination. Directly sown into the soil, the ideal time is from February to June. Flowering occurs in summer and autumn.
Known commonly in the USA as "Susan's black eyes", butterflies are attracted to Rudbeckia Hirta. Rudbeckia Hirta flowers mean "I will love you even if you get old". This is perhaps because they maintain their beautiful appearance even after wilting.
Rudbeckia are well suited for pots, gardens, meadows, when large masses of colour and a cut flower are required.
Height: 30 to 80cm. Centaurea is a whitish green plant with erect stem, angular, thin and elongated branches.
Propagated and naturalized in many countries on every continent, particularly in stony or clay soils.
Seeded directly on land, the ideal time is from February to June. Flowering occurs in summer and autumn.
Centaurea: Generic name from the Greek Kentauros, cholagogue-choleretic, who knew the properties of medicinal plants. Usually appearing in groups, it´s striking and well-known for the beauty of its flowers. It was the favorite flower of John F. Kennedy. They were found in the accompanying wreath at the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamen.
They are well suited for pots, beds, borders and rockeries, as well as cut flowers. It´s dried version is used in bags of herbs and herbal mixes to give an attractive colour.
Growing to a maximum size of 70cm, the poppy is elongated, lobed and with simple green leaves at the base. Solitary flowers with double petals crumpled into flower buds of various colours such as pink, red, salmon and purple, they bloom in late spring and early summer. The fruit of the poppy is a capsule filled with seeds.
Believed to come from Europe, Asia and Africa, poppies have grown since ancient times and have mixed with grains. SOWING Seed directly in the ground during spring and summer. Flowering occurs in spring, summer and autumn.
In Catalonia they eat the green leaves mixed with lettuce and endive, signifying humility for poets. In England, they remember their fallen soldiers by wearing the poppy.
They are very suitable for pots, beds, borders and rockeries.
Medicinal: Poppies are excellent for bronchitis, pleurisy, and cases of spasmodic cough and asthma. They can also be used for pneumonia, for eruptive fevers, for inflammation of the eyelids and tonsils. Rubbing gums with poppy infusion can encourage children teething. Additionally, poppies may help to combat insomnia in children, the elderly and people who suffer from anaphylactic narcotic effects.